A disc herniation is a rupture and/or bulge of a interverterbral disc. Commonly, a herniated disc is called a “ruptured” or “slipped” disc and occurs when part of the disc material pops out of place and bulges into the spinal canal, sometimes placing pressure on the nerves.
Degenerative spine disorders occur as the interverterbral disc detioriates. This is commonly a result of aging. Over time, repeated daily stresses and minor injuries can add up and begin to affect the discs in your spine. The disc eventually begins to suffer from the wear and tear - it begins to degenerate.
A sprain (or strain) is caused by an injury to the soft tissues surrounding the spine: muscles, ligaments and/or tendons. A fracture is a complete or incomplete break in a vertebrae (bone) and is usually due to conditions such as: osteoporosis (a condition which weakens the bones), excessive pressure, a very hard fall or some kind of physical injury.
Spine deformities are malalignments, curvatures of the spine. All spines have curves, but occasionally the spine twists and develops curves in the wrong direction, affecting a person’s posture.